Stem Cells — What Are They And What do They Do?
Have you heard about the treatment that uses stem cells? There is a wide range of ailments that can be easily treated with the help of stem cells. But do you have complete knowledge regarding stem cells? So let’s get started and understand stem cells.
What Do We Mean By Stem Cells?
Stem cells refer to the human body cells that have specialized features to develop into multiple types. The stem cells are helpful in developing a wide range of body cells including the brain cells, muscle cells, or any other cells of the body. The best feature offered by stem cells is that they can be used for fixing damaged tissues. According to many researchers and scientists, it has been proved that stem cells can be used in various therapies. These therapies in turn help in eradicating severe illness that has now become chronic. The doctors also claim that stem cells are useful in treating illnesses like Alzheimer’s, paralysis, etc.
What Are The Different Types Of Stem Cells?
Stem cells are categorized into two main sections – Adult Stem Cells and Embryonic Stem Cells. There are two distinct stem cells categories that have certain similarities and differences. Let’s understand both types of stem cells.
Embryonic Stem Cells
Researchers study embryonic stem cells by collecting them from unused embryos. They use the in-vitro fertilization process to form and regenerate the embryos. Sometimes, people donate the embryos to science for performing extensive research and studying the behavior of the cells in different bodies. Through this study, it revealed that stem cells can be transformed into different types of cells.
Adult Stem Cells
When we are talking about stem cells, they are again divided into 2 categories – fully developed cells and induced cells. The fully developed stem cells are derived from the skin, bone marrow, or brain. You will find a limited number of stem cells in this type of tissue, and they are designed to generate only specific cells of the body. For instance, if you are using the brain stem cells, then they can regenerate only brain cells and not any other cells.
Another type of induced stem cell is called a pluripotent cell. These cells are designed to behave more like embryonic cells. Therefore, they can help in regenerating different cells of the body.
What Is The Significance Of Stem Cells?
Stem Cells are considered effective building blocks of the human body. In the initial stage of life, the stem cells divide themselves multiple times to form a human body from an embryo. With age, the stem cells help in regenerating and replenishing the blood, skin, bones, and various other organs of the body. Researchers and doctors consider stem cells as strong equipment that helps in providing treatment for injuries and even illness. Due to this amazing characteristic of stem cells, doctors use them in repairing the damaged system of the body and ensure a faster recovery.
What Makes Stem Cells Different From Other Cells Of The Body?
It is not that the structure of the stem cells is different – the characteristics of the stem cells are different from other cells of the body.
Stem cells have the ability to divide and regenerate themselves over a long time
Stem cells are not specialized, as they do not have any specific function to follow in the body.
The stem cells have the ability to regenerate and transform into specialized cells, such as muscle cells, blood cells, and brain cells.
Why There Is Increasing Demand For Stem Cells In Research Units?
Stem Cells Are Helpful In Understanding The Occurrence Of The Disease
Doctors and researchers observe the maturing levels of the stem cells in different organs and body tissues such as bones, hearts, and brains. Through this, they can easily understand diseases, how it spreads and what condition the disease will lead to.
Stem Cells Help In Replacing The Damaged Cells In The Body
The researchers transform the stem cells into specialized cells so that they can be used to replace the damaged cells in the body. Therefore, it can be helpful in treating a wide range of diseases such as heart issues, strokes, cancer, sclerosis, etc.
The Stem Cells Are Helpful In Testing Of The New Drugs
Whenever a new drug is introduced in the market, its effectiveness has to be verified. The stem cells are best for testing the effectiveness of the new drug.
If you are suffering from any severe ailment or chronic pain, reach out to iuventus medical center. The professionals will conduct tests and examinations to analyze the condition of your body. Thereafter, the doctors will suggest the best course of stem cell therapy, which will target the specific pain-causing area, aid in its faster recovery, and help you gain relief from pain.